Learning Disorders & Skills Development

MY work with children over the years has taught me that learning disorders is not always dyslexia. Clarifying which side therapy is adopted is essential for successful remedy. I am now aware of at least four categories of disorders associated with academic skills disorder:

1. Learning Disorder
2. Motor Skills Disorder
3. Communication Disorder
4. Pervasive Developmental Disorder

Learning Disorders:
This disorder has three faces: literacy, numerical, and written ability.
1. Reading Disorder: inability to read, associate with words and recalling or memorising the basic phonetics. Inability to code and decode of words and associative grammar rules through either, poor discipline and learning methods or cognitive disability associated with the other three disorders.

2. Mathematic Disorder: inability to relate to numbers or associate with the mathematical language: Inability to memorize numbers and associate logical conclusion to problem solving through poor coding, memory recall, knowledge frame and learning structure.

3. Disorder of Written Expression (DWE) inability to transfer the thoughts into words for all to see. Sufferer is capable orator and of good cognitive ability but lacks the coordination and the spelling coding to transfer what is in the mind. This could be due to sensomotor disorder, speed of information transfer or visual disability
Hence, Oxford dictionary summarizes dyslexia as “ a disorder marked especially by severe difficulty in reading and spelling.

At Zeidan centre, we have developed a unique and simple way to evaluate the possibility of dyslexia through factoring- a formula developed by Zeidan centre over the past 17 years. You can take this test anytime. If you answer “yes” to 10 from the 40 questions listed, then you may have an issue in learning disorders which may be attributed to visual distress or visual dyslexia.

Ready to take the test:
Please indicate if any of the symptoms listed below apply. You must indicate “N” only if it does not apply in full, i.e. if you think it is possible or may occur then you should indicate “Y”.

1 Difficulties in following verbal / written instructions: Y N
2 Is there any hearing problems: Y N
3 Difficulties in telling time (reading Clock) Y N
4 Difficulties in finding the right word to express themselves Y N
5 Poor hand/eye coordination ( fine handwriting/parallel lines) Y N
6 Short attention span/easily distracted Y N
7 Tendency to reverse letters (eg d/b, p/q) or miswrite (s/z,v/x, n/h) Y N
8 Poor reading skills Y N
9 Words reversals (e.g. Was/Saw) Y N
10 Reluctant to read aloud or reading to others Y N
11 Poor homework and presentation of written work Y N
12 Great efforts and labour in completing homework or simple task Y N
13 Poor or no organizational skills Y N
14 Difficulties in copying words from books/blackboard/OHP Y N
15 Becomes frustrated with tasks leading to tantrums/bad temper Y N
16 Poor self esteem due to literacy difficulties Y N
17 “It is unfair” and Why me” attitude because others do better Y N
18 Poor/gross mistakes with simple words Y N
19 Good at oral communications to ideas, reluctance to put in writing Y N
20 Good at practical skills e. g. with Tools, DIY, drawings Y N
21 Poor short term memory or poor working mental memory (maths) Y N
22 Difficulties with sequence logic or number/words relationships Y N
23 Difficulties with place value/ ratio value/ fractions value Y N
24 Difficulties in estimating answers/ use of finger counting Y N
25 Misreads familiar words e.g. Home=House, Mother =Mom Y N
26 Reluctance to have a go at reading difficult words or simple tasks Y N
27 Drifts away from looking at texts when reading/ loses reading place Y N
28 Little or no expression and intonation with reading Y N
29 Doesn’t recognize the same word on next page or else where in the story Y N
30 Uses finger with reading, loses patients, irritable with reading Y N
31 Attempts to spell phonetically Y N
32 Difficulties in distinguishing Vowel sounds from Vowel Combinations Y N
33 Poor use of capital letters and punctuation, capital letters in mid word Y N
34 Messy handwriting to hide poor spelling, leading to dislike of writing Y N
35 Reluctance to ask for help or being helped by parents Y N
36 Negativism and bad temper when faced with even simple school task Y N
37 Whining and sibling rivalry Y N
38 Cannot read what he/she wrote Y N
39 Dictation is fair, but copying is poor top impossible Y N
40 Word blindness, misses out words altogether and can skip a line Y N
1. Colour Test
City University
After-Image Flash
2. Stereopsis : (Please state test type-TNO/FT)
Notes :
3. Central Field Tests (Campimeter) @ 25cm
Right Eye:
Left Eye:
Peripheral Field Tests (Medmont system)
4 Phoria
Distance : Near :
5. Red/Green Light test
Notes :
6. Blue/red Light test:
Notes :
7. Words Afterimage Flash test
Flash at 20-25cms
a- BO-OK
b- BO-AT
c- LO-OK
d- DO-OR
8. Contrast Sensitivity ( Pelli-Robson/ VISTECH)
RIGHT LEFT Binocular
RIGHT LEFT Binocular
9. Monitor Tests – Single Word Reading
(Please read as many words as possible in one minute.)
5-7years old 8-11 years old 12-15 years old Over 15yrs. Special Allowance
Hop cat and
Car ant eat
In a not man
On us I all to my the dog me We in up air do see for not look is play come let be dad was in by at old out.
Date back dog my use over eye who was six for the late house call and as out man what be there some test lead date use work this were and from have then year take from after and three. Spell type was report were then may date have own you win that his above work that due three any near read show above when day post hand show cry many before from their suit well house find them there Cause known vision either certain optical result often the mirror type be yet tried place loss test ball face read was before number home jump measure their design line loss another school Find mean near date call lead has come in
Time taken to read the randomised words:
Accuracy performance:
11. Locate the number in the grid
Time taken to locate No.
Read as many words as possible from the words listed below in one minute:
Man one
see ear use
win come now
even in zoo saw
race coin swan our
mess nose six cow sin
we rise car sun oar rise
scan miss wise mare roar
on river sea omen mace cave
even swim see nice sir crow zone
maze wine raw cress rain rum cure bed
sum nine use seam man air arm cove sky
Words Read per minute: /60
Up to age 5 6-8 8-10 11-14 Over 14
Score less 5 points= Score less 4 points= Score less 2 points= Score plus 1 points= Score plus 2 points=
LUCI % score= LUCI % score= LASS JUN % Score= LASS % Score= LASS SEN % Score=
Phonetics Score Full Marks <9 Score Full Marks Stage 2 Score= Full Marks Stage 3 Score= Full Marks Stage 4 Score=
Numbers Perform % Numbers Perform % Numbers Perform % Numbers Perform % Numbers Perform %
Circles % Circles % Circles % Circles % Circles %

©Chaaban Zeidan.Tam2000

Subject to the results attained you will be informed if your condition is identified or belong to any of the subgroups listed below:

Learning Disorders (Academic Skills Disorders = ASD)

1. Reading Disorder
2, Mathematic Disorder
3. Disorder of Written Expression (DWE)

Motor Skills Disorder (DCD)

1. DevelopMental Coordination Disorder (DCD)
3. Dispraxia
4. Sensomotor Associative Disorder (SAD)
5. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
6. Disruptive Behaviour Disorder

Communication Disorders

1. Expressive Language Disorder (ELD)
2. Mixed Receptive/Expressive Language Disorder (MR/ELD)
3. Phonological Disorder
4. Stuttering
5. Separation Anxiety Disorder

Pervasive Developmental Disorders

1. Autistic Disorder
2. Asperger’s Disorder
3. Rett’s Disorder
4. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
5. Nystagmus and ocular disorders
6. Albinism
7. Other neurological disorders

20 EYEQUEST Sensory Integrated Tests take place before decision is confirmed

Client Name: Age: Sex: `M/F Date: With/Without filters